The twentieth century witnessed technological expansion on a global scale. Fossil fuel based energy infrastructures running along coal seams, railway and transoceanic transport, oil wells, pipelines, and refineries were sites of political contest, between the old European empires and the new postcolonial nations.

Seminar Questions

Essential Readings

On Barak, ‘Outsourcing: Energy and Empire in the Age of Coal, 1820-1911,’ International Journal of Middle East Studies, 47 (2015)

Timothy Mitchell, ‘The Prize from Fairyland,’ Carbon Democracy (Verso, 2011), pp. 43-65

Further Readings

Bruce Podobnik, Global Energy Shifts (Temple University Press, 2005)

Gabrielle Hecht, Radiance of France (MIT Press, 1998)

Kenneth Pomeranz, Great Divergence (Princeton University Press, 2000)

Katayoun Shafiee, Machineries of Oil (MIT Press, 2018)