Born 1895, Minnesota. Spent 3 years at the Minneapolis Institute of Art and 8 months at the Art Students League until he was drafted by the Army during the final months of World War I.  He spent nearly all of the 1920s in Europe, working almost exclusively as a lithographer, but moved back to the States to settle in New York in 1929.  A Guggenheim fellowship enabled him to work with Boardman Robinson and Lawrence Barrett at the Colorado Springs Fine Art Center School during the early years of World War II.  He died in 1968.