Question 1 : The United States Constitution is founded on the principle of the separation of powers. Which three branches of government are usually considered to form this division?
The executive branch is the Presidency, in charge of ensuring the faithful execution of laws enacted by congress, the legislative branch. The judiciary decides cases and controversies, including constitutional controversies, through the courts, with the Supreme Court acting as the final arbiter.
Question 2 : According to Mitt Romney’s secretly recorded speech at a fundraising event, what percentage of Americans ‘are dependent on government, who believe they are victims’ and will therefore ‘vote for the president [Obama] no matter what’?
This was an embarrassing moment for the Romney campaign, as this statement was seen by many as an insult to nearly half of US voters.
Question 3 : Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010) was a landmark United States Supreme Court case which allowed unlimited anonymous donations by individuals or corporations to election campaign organisations as long as
Campaigning organisations called Super Political Action Committees, or Super PACs, received billions of dollars during the 2012 election campaign. Though they were often run by senior figures from the political parties, no-one from Romney or Obama’s campaign could coordinate directly with the campaigning funded by the super PACs.
Question 4 : What are the animal symbols of the Republican Party and the Democratic Party respectively?
The political cartoonist Thomas Nast made the first prominent use of the Republican elephant in a cartoon in Harper's Weekly on 7th November, 1874. The donkey first became associated with the Democratic Party in 1828. The convention to colour Democratic states blue and Republican states red in election maps began only in 2000.
Question 5 : In 2011, what was the largest single category of US federal spending?
(a) is 23 per cent - $835 billion; (b) is 20 per cent - $725 billion; (c) is 19 per cent - $700 billion; (d) is 6 per cent - $227 billion. Total: $3,598 billion.
Question 6 : According to the American Religious Identification Survey of 2008, what percentage of American adults identified themselves as Christians?
This is down from 86 per cent in 1990.
Question 7 : Which of these television news providers has the largest audience share?
Fox news has been the most popular news channel since 2002. Since 2009, MSNBC has been second, and CNN, which before 2002 was first, is now third. These three channels are by far the largest. The BBC, as a British broadcaster, has a small audience by comparison.
Question 8 : On the reverse side of a $1 note, what is the significance of the eye depicted above the pyramid?
“Annuit Cœptis,” a Latin phrase meaning "He approves (or has approved) [our] undertakings" is written above the pyramid and eye.
Question 9 : What was the size of the US government’s budget deficit in the financial year of 2011?
This was equal to 8.6 per cent of the USA’s gross domestic product.
Question 10 : The popular American patriotic song “My Country, ‘Tis of Thee” is sung to the tune of which country’s national anthem?
Until the USA anthem “The Star Spangled Banner” was officially adopted in 1931, this song was often used as an unofficial national anthem.